Pharmaceutical Drugs Information

What are Pharmaceutical Drugs?

Pharmaceutical Drugs are also called as medicine. We can simply define these as a chemical substance used for treatment, medical diagnosis, preventing or curing any disease. The word ‘Pharmaceutical’ derives from the Greek word Pharmakeia, which today have been reformed as “Pahrmacia”.

Classification of Pharmaceutical Drugs:

For different types of diseases and physical ailments there a different kind of pharmaceutical drugs are available in the market at the medical shops or over the counter (OTC). One should take these medicines only as prescribed by doctor. Another noticeable thing before taking medicine is to take right quantity at the right time. Pharma drugs can simply be classified into two major categories as below:

1)Prescription Drugs

These are the licensed medicines that are not available in the market without the Doctor’s prescription. These drugs are regulated by the legislation. The term “Rx” is commonly used as an abbreviation of the prescription drug.

List of Some Important Prescription Drugs

  • Anti-convulsant
  • Anti-itch drugs
  • Anti-fungal drugs
  • Anti-viral
  • Anti-diabetic
  • Anti-asthmatic
  • Anti-psychotic
  • Muscle relaxation drugs
  • Anti gastroesophageal reflux drugs
  • Anti-malarial
  • Infertility drugs
  • Decongestants
  • Bone-disorder drugs
  • Penicillin
  • Laxatives

2)Non Prescription Drugs

These are the medicines that can be sold without Physician’s prescription. Non prescription drugs are also known as over the counter drug or OTC drugs. These are allowed to sell directly to the customers. OTC drugs are generally regulated by Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API).

List of Non Prescription Drugs

  • Antiseptics
  • Analgesics
  • Aspirin
  • Cough Syrups
  • Cough Suppressants
  • Antacids and Acid Reducer
  • Anti-gas
  • Anticandial
  • Anti-fungal
  • Cold Sore or Fever Blister
  • First Aid Supplies
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Sleep Aids Drugs

Pharmaceutical Formulations – What is Pharmaceutical Formulation?

In medical term pharmaceutical formulation is a process in which a medicinal or remedial product is produced by combining different chemical substance and active drugs. Formulation involves the complete process right from developing a drug to its final acceptance by the patient. Pharmaceutical Formulations include the study of some important factors like pH, particle size, solubility and polymorphism.

The orally taken drugs are available in the form of capsule or tablet, while the other types of medications forms are cream, gel, ointment, powder and paste etc. Thus we can classify these finished pharmaceutical formulations as below:

  • Tablets
  • Capsules
  • Injections
  • Ointments
  • Syrups
  • Birth Control Device
  • Vaccines

Top 10 Pharma Companies in India:

Indian Pharma Industry is growing with a faster pace day by day at global level. As per records Indian Pharmaceutical Industry is the second fastest growing industry. So know about the top 10 pharmaceutical companies in India as per their latest sales revenue:

  • Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited
  • Cipla
  • Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories
  • Lupin
  • Aurobindo Pharma Ltd
  • Sun Pharma
  • Cadila Health
  • Jubilant Life
  • Wockhardt
  • Ipca Labs

How Do Pharmaceutical Drugs Get in Drinking Water? Are There Really Drugs in Tap Water?

Wondering how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water anyways? Why would there even be drugs in our water? Although it sounds far out, recently in the news there have been headlines, including those about probe finds drugs in drinking water. In various cities in the country and even across the world, pharmaceutical drugs have been found in the water – it is a scary thought.

In answer to the question, how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water, the hospitals often have something to do with it. In some cases medications are flushed down toilets that have expired on a regular basis. When anything is flushed, it ends up somewhere in our environment. At some point it will come back and contaminate the water that we drink. In some cases people have medications that are expired, and instead of throwing them away, they think it is better to flush them down a toilet.

Flushing the drugs through the system is one way that these drugs can end up in the water we drink, and there are a variety of other ways as well. Whenever people take pharmaceuticals, they are not totally used up by the body. The rest comes out through waste and then goes into the sewage system as well.

In some cases farms can be to blame, which is news from probe finds drugs in drinking water. Many farmers use hormones for the animals. Then the run off from the farms end up in the water, including those hormones and drugs that they use. Pets that are on medications go to the bathroom on the ground as well, and there can be leftover medications in their waste.

Even medications that are thrown away end up in a landfill. Then eventually the drugs get into the soil and this can end up going on through into the water system as well. However, although it is clean how these drugs could end up in the system, how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water and get past the treatment plants that are supposed to keep our water safe?

Well, it is apparent that the treatment facilities are not doing the best job at getting rid of these pharmaceuticals from our water. This means that when you run some water into a glass and drink it right from the tap, you could be drinking any number of pharmaceutical drugs, not to mention all the chemicals that can be in this water.

What can you do about this problem? It is obvious that drugs are getting through and into your drinking water. Well, the best thing you can do is to invest in a filtration system for your home that will filter out these drugs and other chemicals. This way when you drink the water, you do not have to worry about your safety and how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water. You can relax and just enjoy the great tasting and safe water.

How Do Pharmaceutical Drugs Get in Drinking Water? What is the Corrective Action?

Thanks to the ongoing studies and researches, which have brought another revelation fact about the presence of pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water comes out of our taps. Studies have proven that the water we drink consists of many pharmaceutical drugs like pain reliever, anti-depressant, antibiotics, etc.; obviously, whose consumption is not good for us.

So, how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water anyways?

Well, the reason behind this unpleasant truth is the fact that we have finite supply of water. Around 10% of water we use has been recycled. Any toxic material that has entered water source will in due course time end up in someone’s tap. Let us take a closer look.

People take medications to treat their illness. Since, the body absorb only some percentage of these pharmaceutical drugs, the remaining is passed on to their bowel from where they are thrown out of body via urination mechanism. You might be surprised to know that even sewage pipes (of course after treating water once) are dumped into the water reservoirs, streams and rivers.

This river may be a source for drinking water for some community. The water undergoes the filtration mechanism again and is then piped to people’s home. Few of the chemicals are removed during this process. However, what about the remaining drugs? They are still the part of water that comes out of your tap. However gross this may sound but this is the truth!

Other reasons for presence of drugs in drinking water are flushing of expired medicines in the toilets and usage of hormones for the animals in farms – animal waste still contains some traces of hormones given to them.

Corrective plan
Since, we cannot wait for government officials to pass a rule for the water treating plant owners to remove all the traces of pharmaceutical drugs from the drinking water before it reaches the taps; easy option is to install a hi-tech purifier that is capable of removing these unwanted drugs from the water at the point of use.

In conclusion, you should not worry about how do pharmaceutical drugs get in drinking water; instead look for an effective water filtration system that removes all the unsafe chemicals from the water and helps you and your family enjoy healthy, clean and pure water for ail-free life ahead.

Look for water purifiers that are capable of removing THMs (trihalomethanes), SOCs (Synthetic organic chemicals) and VOCs (Volatile organic chemicals). This is because most of the pharmaceutical drugs that get into the drinking water are SOCs and VOCs. If you want more information about such innovative filtration system, visit my website mentioned below.